NZ,  Israel & UNSC Resolutions 242 and 2334

January 11, 2017 by  
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I wonder just how well thought out UN Security Council Resolution 2334 (UNSC2334) was…writes John McCormick.

From: John McCormick

Its implications are far reaching.  The immediate coverage and comment by Murray McCully and US Secretary of State

John McCormick

John Kerry was all about settlements, but that’s not the most important part of the resolution.

 New Zealand policy since 1947 has been based on that year’s UN General Assembly Partition Resolution 181, which allowed for the establishment of a Jewish State and an Arab State (those actual names). The Jews declared the State of Israel; the Arabs spurned the opportunity for their state and invaded Israel.
UNGA181 said Jerusalem and environs, including Bethlehem, should be an international city. Reality was different, with the city divided by war after the Arab invasion in 1948. The ceasefire agreement with Jordan allowed for Jewish access to their Holy sites in the Old City. Not once did Jordan honour the agreement to allow Jews to visit the Temple Mount and Western Wall in the 19 years of its control from 1948 to 1967.   This failure to honour the agreement by Jordan has been part of the reason New Zealand has always supported the internationalisation of Jerusalem, but even this is not achieved with UNSC2334 – half of it is handed to the Palestinians and Jerusalem once more becomes a divided city.
UNESCO actions in denying historical fact over Jerusalem just adds to the problem. The October 2016 UNESCO Executive Board resolution defines Jerusalem as exclusively Muslim. This applies to all parts of the city including Christian sites and churches, not just the Temple Mount and the Old City.
The New Zealand Government has not condemned UNESCO for its denial of historical fact. This along with its vote for UNSC2334, which denies Jewish residential status in the city Jews have been associated with for 3,000 years, has turned NZ’s long standing policy on its ear.
With this policy change in mind it is worth looking at the situation that existed before Christmas Eve 2016. The focal point for peace efforts was (and many say should still be) UNSC Resolution 242 of November 1967 – the way the UN dealt with the outcome of the 1967 Six Day War. This requires an understanding of its wording.
It calls for:
Clause 1  (I)  Withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;
It is very precise wording. The words “all” or “all the” are not used. The UK’s UN Ambassador Lord Caradon who helped write 242 said in 1978: “We didn’t say there should be a withdrawal to the 67 line, we did not put the ‘THE’ in, we did not say ‘all the’ territories deliberately… we all knew – that the boundaries of 67 were not drawn as permanent frontiers, they were a ceasefire line of a couple of decades earlier…. We did not say that the 67 boundaries must be forever.”
President Johnson said in 1968 relating to UNSC242 that “We are not the ones to say where other nations should draw lines between them that will assure each the greatest security. It is clear however that a return to the situation of June 4 1967 will not bring peace.”  Sir Don McKinnon, Jim Bolger’s Foreign Minister, said it was not up to us to tell them what the peace deal should be but ours to support the Treaty. We do this in the Sinai as founding members of “The Multinational Force and Observers: Sinai Peninsula.”
In 2005 Israel withdrew completely from the Gaza Strip without any kind of peace agreement. At the same time they also withdrew from the West bank city of Jenin and four nearby settlements, again without any agreement.  The Palestinian response was indiscriminate firing of rockets  from Gaza into Israel.
With UNSC2334 the UN Security Council tries to force Israel to accept a resolution it can never accept: a return to the indefensible June 1967 ceasefire lines and no right of access to Jerusalem’s religious sites.  Resolution 2334 and the French peace conference of 15 January 2017 to which Israel and the Palestinians are not invited will both fail.
Commentators have called UNSC2334 many things. Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said Australia does not support one-sided anti-Israel resolutions, implying New Zealand does. She is correct, we do.
Other commentators say UNSC2334 is illegal and violates the UN Charter. It overturns UNSC242 and the Partition vote UNGA181. From there you go to Article 80 of the UN Charter, which preserves the Mandate rights granted by the League of Nations. The outcome of this is that the League mandate document dated 24 July 1922 becomes the relevant legal document.
The British were granted the mandate for Palestine at the San Remo Conference in 1920.
In 1921 Britain separated what we now know as Jordan from the rest of the mandate, making Transjordan the Arab Palestinian State on 78% of the mandate area, and banned Jewish settlement east of the River Jordan. In 1923 Britain ceded the Golan Heights to the French mandate of Syria. The remaining mandate area, 22% of the original total, was to be the Jewish homeland. Read it for yourself!  Do the UN and the Arabs want to go there?
So where to now? On 3 January 2017 on Palestinian TV Hanan Ashrawi, Palestine Liberation Organization Executive Committee member, said: “We have refused and still refuse to say that Israel is a Jewish state.” The PLO was formed in 1964 when there was no Israeli occupied territory.
So until there is a Palestinian leadership that accepts Israel as the Jewish State nothing much will happen.
Murray McCully and Prime Minister Bill English need to justify their new policy:
    1.  Towards the Temple Mount and Holy sites;
    2.  To Jerusalem city and its status;
    3.  Future final borders in any peace deal.
Direct negotiation, not resolutions by the UN or Paris conference, is the best way forward.

John B McCormick is the Chairman of Hawkes Bay Friends of Israel Assn in New Zealand and a Member of Hawkes Bay Branch of NZ Institute of International Affairs.

Comments

6 Responses to “NZ,  Israel & UNSC Resolutions 242 and 2334”
  1. Eleonora Mostert says:

    If Muslims have the right to drive out Jews from their homeland, why are we not permitted to do the same? Easy solution to this problem drive out all Muslims and so called “Palestinians” from the Biblical land of Israel. It is a world known fact that Muslims are the new plague the earth is suffering, some call them a cancer that needs to be cut out. Which ever term you wish to use is fine with me. I’m not racist or a bigot nor am I or will I ever be politically correct. Let the truth and the facts speak for themselves, it is an evil religion built on terrorism from the very beginning, haters of everything except their own kind. Intolerant people who will never integrate.

  2. John McCormick says:

    thanks

  3. david singer says:

    One significant fact should be added to Mr McCormick’s incisive article.

    When the PLO was formed in 1964 – article 24 of its Charter proclaimed:

    “Article 24. This Organization does not exercise any regional sovereignty over the West Bank in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, on the Gaza Strip or the Himmah Area. Its activities will be on the national popular level in the liberational, organizational, political and financial fields.”

    In 1968 this article was dropped from the revised Charter.

    The PLO disinformation campaign was put in train. No longer was it regarded as “occupied Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan land” Now it was to be called “occupied Palestinian land”

    The “West Bank in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan” had been callled Judea and Samaria for 3000 years until Transjordan in 1950:
    (i) conquered and occupied those areas ,
    (ii) kicked out all the Jews living there,
    (iii) changed its own name to Jordan and
    (iv) changed Judea and Samaria’s name to the “West Bank” to differentiate its newly acquired territory from the East Bank of the Jordan River and to erase any Jewish connection or identification of these areas as part of the Jewish ancient biblical and ancestral homeland and legally mandated area for reconstitution of the Jewish National Home.

    Everyone forgot about 3000 years old “Judea and Samaria” as PLO propaganda driven by the Russians influenced the media to adopt “West Bank” as the trendy replacement.

    New Zealand and McCully should be ashamed for having breen brainwashed and duped into sponsoring and voting for UNSCR 2334 containing the drivel that the West Bank is now “occupied Palestinian land since 1967”.

    • Lioudmila Levina says:

      Mr. Singer you are right, but NZ is very dependant on their meat deals with Iran and Kerry puts so much pressure on them to advance this resolution. I think that former PM John Key suddenly quit because being a Jew by Halacha he eventually could not stand his party anti Israeli line anymore and maybe he just has been ashamed to participate in this circus. I am positive that this resolution and everything that is just to come is a making of obama administraon. And of course Israel has been thrown under the bus by NZ because for NZ to appease Iran is more important that to stay decent. And NZ is not alone.

      By the way can you please let me know what 70 countries are coming to Paris because I could not find any information.

      Kind Regards

      Lucy Levina

      • John McCormick says:

        Lucy, We don’t trade much with Iran because of the trade ban over Iran’s nuc;s since Obama’s deal with them a little trade has started but very little of it is meat or dairy. we sell to Saudi Arabia and the small gulf states. We also feed the armed forces of Jordan. The meat export company I used to work for sells in about 100 countries. China the USA, UK and the EU are most important markets. Ukraine occupation by Russia has stopped trade with Russia. Melanie Phillips writing in the UK reports that pressure came from London to keep us in the 14. I have known Murray McCully since 1974 and his views on Israel and therefore our policy has only changed in the Last 5 years since he wanted the UNSC seat. But That’s another story.
        John

    • John McCormick says:

      Thanks David, will use it in my future stuff.
      John

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